Modern C++ Design Pattern/Chatper 14. 커맨드

created : 2020-04-19T12:40:23+00:00
modified : 2020-09-26T14:24:20+00:00
cpp design pattern command pattern

필요성

시나리오

struct BankAccount
{
  int balance = 0;
  int overdraft_limit = -500;

  void deposit(int amount)
  {
    balance += amount;
    cout << "deposited " << amount << ", balance is now " << balance << "\n";
  }

  void withdraw(int amount)
  {
    if (balance - amount >= overdraft_limit)
    {
      balance -= amount;
      cout << "withdrew " << amount << ", balance is now " << balance << "\n";
    }
  }
};

커맨드 패턴의 구현

struct Command
{
  virtual void call() const = 0;
};

struct BankAccountCommand : Command
{
  BankAccount& account;
  enum Action { deposit, withdraw } action;
  int amount;

  BankAccountCommand(BankAccount& account, const Action action, const int amount)
    : account(account), action(action), amount(amount) {}

  void call() const override
  {
    switch (action)
    {
    case deposit:
      account.deposit(amount);
      break;
    case withdraw:
      account.withdraw(amount);
      break;
    }
  }
};

/*
BankAccount ba;
BankAccountCommand cmd{ba, BankAccountCommand::deposit, 100};
cmd.call();
*/

되돌리기(Undo) 작업

struct BankAccount
{
  bool widthdraw(int amount)
  {
    if (balance - amount >= overdraft_limit)
    {
      balance -= amount;
      cout << "widthdrew " << amount << ", balance now " << balance << "\n";
      return true;
    }
    return flase;
  }
};
struct Command
{
  virtual void call() const = 0;
  virtual void undo() const = 0;
};

struct BankAccountCommand : Command
{
  BankAccount& account;
  enum Action { deposit, withdraw } action;
  int amount;
  bool widthdrawal_succeeded;

  BankAccountCommand(BankAccount& account, const Action action, const int amount)
    : account(account), action(action), amount(amount), widthdrawal_succeeded{false} {}

  void call() const override
  {
    switch (action)
    {
    case deposit:
      account.deposit(amount);
      break;
    case withdraw:
      widthdrawal_succeeded = account.withdraw(amount);
      break;
    }
  }

  void undo() const override
  {
    switch (action)
    {
    case widthdraw:
      if (widthdrawal_succeeded)
        account.deposit(amount);
      break;
    case deposit:
      account.widthdraw(amount);
      break;
    }
  }
};

/*
BankAccount ba;
BankAccountCommand cmd{ba, BankAccountCommand::deposit, 100};
cmd.call();
*/

컴포지트 커맨드

struct CompositeBankAccountCommand : vector<BankAccountCommand>, Command
{
  CompositeBankAccountCommand(const initializer_list<value_type>& items)
    : vector<BankAccountCommand>(items) {}

  void call() override
  {
    for (auto& cmd : *this)
      cmd.call();
  }

  void undo() override
  {
    for (auto it = rbegin(); it != rend(); ++it)
      it->undo();
  }
}

struct Command {
  bool succeeded;
}

명령과 조회의 분리

요약